Table of Contents
Volume 2013, Article ID 287269, 5 pages
Review Article

Rapid Point-of-Care Testing for Detection of HIV and Clinical Monitoring

1Department of Microbiology, SGT Medical College, Budhera, Gurgaon, Haryana 123505, India
2Shri Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary Medical College, Village Budhera, Gurgaon, Haryana 123505, India
3Department of Pathology, SGT Medical College, Budhera, Gurgaon, Haryana 123505, India

Received 7 April 2013; Accepted 2 May 2013

Academic Editors: D. Aunis, L. Gray, C. Petrovas, J. Poudrier, and A. B. Williams

Copyright © 2013 D. R. Arora et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Reversing and arresting the epidemic of HIV are a challenge for any country. Early diagnosis and rapid initiation of treatment remain a key strategy in the control of HIV. Technological advances in the form of low-cost rapid point-of-care tests have completely transformed the diagnosis and management of HIV, especially in resource limited settings, where health infrastructure is poor and timely access to medical care is a challenge. Point-of-care devices have proven to be easy to transport, operate, and maintain, and also lower-skilled staff is equally able to perform these tests as compared to trained laboratory technicians. Point-of-care tests allow rapid detection of HIV allowing for rapid initiation of therapy, monitoring of antiretroviral therapy and drug toxicity, and detection of opportunistic infections and associated illnesses.