Table of Contents
ISRN Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 349604, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/349604
Review Article

The BB Wistar Rat as a Diabetic Model for Fracture Healing

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA

Received 3 February 2013; Accepted 11 March 2013

Academic Editors: A. Hishinuma, C. N. Mowa, A. Saxe, and C. G. Scanes

Copyright © 2013 Amit Sood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The advent of improved glucose control with insulin and oral medications has allowed for the diabetic population to live longer and healthier lives. Unfortunately diabetes remains a worldwide epidemic with multiple health implications. Specifically, its affects upon fracture healing have been well studied and shown to have negative effects on bone mineral density, biomechanical integrity, and fracture healing. Multiple animal models have been used for research purposes to gain further insight into the effects and potential treatments of this disease process. The diabetic BB Wistar rat is one model that replicates a close homology to human type-1 diabetes and has been used as a fracture model to study the effects of diabetes on bone integrity and healing. In particular, the effects of tight glucose control, ultrasound therapy, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), and allograft bone incorporation have been studied extensively. We present a review of the literature using the BB Wistar rat to elucidate the implications of diabetes on fracture healing.