Table of Contents
ISRN Plastic Surgery
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 357568, 7 pages
Clinical Study

Evaluation of Facial Esthetics in Rehabilitated Adults with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: A Comparison between Professionals with and without Experience in Oral Cleft Rehabilitation

1Department of Orthodontics, Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (HRAC/USP), Bauru, SP, Brazil
2Universidade do Sagrado Coração, Bauru, SP, Brazil
3Private Practice, Bauru, SP, Brazil
4Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies (HRAC/USP) and Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Received 14 October 2012; Accepted 30 October 2012

Academic Editors: A. S. Halim, Z. Panthaki, and D. D. Park

Copyright © 2013 Araci Malagodi Almeida et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial esthetics of White-Brazilian adults with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) rehabilitated at a single center. Design. 30 patients (13 females; 17 males; mean age of 24.0 years), rehabilitated at a single center, were photographed and evaluated by 25 examiners, 5 orthodontists, and 5 plastic surgeons dealing with oral clefts, 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons with no experience in the cleft treatment, and 5 laymen. Their facial profiles were classified into esthetically unpleasant, esthetically acceptable, and esthetically pleasant. Results. Orthodontists dealing with oral clefts classified the majority of the sample as esthetically pleasant. Plastic surgeons dealing with oral cleft, orthodontists, and plastic surgeons without experience with oral clefts classified most of the sample as esthetically acceptable. Laymen evaluation also considered the majority of the sample as esthetically acceptable. Conclusions. The facial profiles of rehabilitated adults with UCLP were classified mostly as esthetically acceptable, with variations among the categories of examiners. The examiners dealing with oral clefts gave higher scores to the facial esthetics when compared to professionals without experience in oral clefts and laypersons, probably due to their knowledge of the limitations involved in the rehabilitation process.