International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

The Epidemiology of Fractures Caused by Falls Down Stairs

Table 3

Fracture types from falls down stairs or standing in those of 65 yrs or older.

Fracture typeFalls down stairsFalls from standingOdds ratioP value (chi-sq)
(n)(%)(n)(%)

Upper limb
Clavicle44.3502.31.90.2
Scapula44.3110.59.00.002
Proximal humerus77.529013.10.50.2
Humeral diaphysis11.12211.10.2
Proximal radius22.1361.61.30.4
Proximal ulna44.3261.23.80.03
Ulnar diaphysis22.130.116.20.01
Distal radius/ulna2021.548021.71.01
Metacarpus22.1431.91.10.7
Finger phalanges33.2652.91.10.5

Lower limb
Pelvis44.3753.41.30.6
Proximal femur1617.270731.90.40.004
Femoral diaphysis33.2542.41.30.5
Patella11.12311.01
Proximal tibia22.12212.20.25
Ankle1718.31275.73.7<0.001
Calcaneus11.120.112.00.004

The number (n) and frequency (%) of upper and lower limb fracture types encountered in Edinburgh adults (65 yrs old or greater) and resulting from falls down stairs or falls from standing height are shown. Calculated odds ratios (with P values, chi-square tests) represent the likelihood of a given fracture type resulting from a fall down stairs, rather than a fall from standing. Odds ratios in bold type reflect those demonstrating either statistical significance or a trend towards significance.