Table of Contents
ISRN Obesity
Volume 2013, Article ID 392747, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/392747
Review Article

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents: A Systematic Review

1Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2CIBERobn (Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición CB12/03/30038), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Received 12 May 2013; Accepted 10 June 2013

Academic Editors: G. González-Cuevas, D. Micic, E. K. Naderali, and R. Tungtrongchitr

Copyright © 2013 Maria del Mar Bibiloni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. B. Ebbeling, D. B. Pawlak, and D. S. Ludwig, “Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure,” The Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9331, pp. 473–482, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. I. Lissau, M. D. Overpeck, W. J. Ruan, P. Due, B. E. Holstein, and M. L. Hediger, “Body mass index and overweight in adolescents in 13 European Countries, Israel, and the United States,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 158, no. 1, pp. 27–33, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Must and S. E. Anderson, “Body mass index in children and adolescents: considerations for population-based applications,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 590–594, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. J. Reilly, “Diagnostic accuracy of the BMI for age in paediatrics,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 595–597, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, S. S. Guo et al., “2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development,” Vital and Health Statistics, no. 246, pp. 1–190, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. De Onis, A. W. Onyango, E. Borghi, A. Siyam, C. Nishida, and J. Siekmann, “Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 660–667, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. E. Barlow and W. H. Dietz, “Obesity evaluation and treatment: expert Committee recommendations. The Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration and the Department of Health and Human Services,” Pediatrics, vol. 102, no. 3, article E29, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. S. Duncan, E. K. Duncan, and G. Schofield, “Accuracy of body mass index (BMI) thresholds for predicting excess body fat in girls from five ethnicities,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 404–411, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Must, G. E. Dallal, and W. H. Dietz, “Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2) and triceps skinfold thickness,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 839–846, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Must, G. E. Dallal, and W. H. Dietz, “Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2)—a correction,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 5, article 773, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. “Health Behaviour of School-aged Children study,” http://www.hbsc.org/.
  13. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999–2010,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 307, no. 5, pp. 483–490, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. “Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), University of South Australia: user Guide: 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey,” http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/phd-nutrition-childrens-survey-userguide.
  15. S. P. Reddy, S. James, R. Sewpaul et al., “Umthente Uhlaba Usamila—The South African Youth Risk Behaviour. South African Medical Research Council,” 2010, http://www.mrc.ac.za/healthpromotion/yrbs_2008_final_report.pdf.
  16. P. Bovet, A. Chiolero, G. Madeleine, A. Gabriel, and N. Stettler, “Marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children of the Seychelles, a rapidly developing country, between 1998 and 2004,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 120–128, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Aounallah-Skhiri, H. B. Romdhane, P. Traissac et al., “Nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents: associated gender, environmental and socio-economic factors,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1306–1317, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Shields and M. S. Tremblay, “Canadian childhood obesity estimates based on WHO, IOTF and CDC cut-points,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 265–273, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Bonvecchio, M. Safdie, E. A. Monterrubio, T. Gust, S. Villalpando, and J. A. Rivera, “Overweight and obesity trends in Mexican children 2 to 18 years of age from 1988 to 2006,” Salud Pública de México, vol. 51, supplement 4, pp. S586–S594, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. K. Singh, M. D. Kogan, and P. C. Van Dyck, “Changes in state-specific childhood obesity and overweight prevalence in the United States from 2003 to 2007,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 164, no. 7, pp. 598–607, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. M. Al-Sendi, P. Shetty, and A. O. Musaiger, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Bahraini adolescents: a comparison between three different sets of criteria,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 471–474, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Li, E. G. Schouten, X. Hu, Z. Cui, D. Luan, and G. Ma, “Obesity prevalence and time trend among youngsters in China, 1982–2002,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 131–137, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Kelishadi, G. Ardalan, R. Gheiratmand et al., “Thinness, overweight and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents: CASPIAN Study,” Child, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 44–54, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Nitzan Kaluski, G. Demem Mazengia, T. Shimony, R. Goldsmith, and E. M. Berry, “Prevalence and determinants of physical activity and lifestyle in relation to obesity among schoolchildren in Israel,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 774–782, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. S. Khader, A. Batieha, H. Jaddou, Z. Batieha, M. El-Khateeb, and K. Ajlouni, “Metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity in children and adolescents in Jordan,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 3-4, pp. 215–222, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Bener, “Prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight in Qatari adolescents,” Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 39–45, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. I. El Mouzan, P. J. Foster, A. S. Al Herbish et al., “Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Saudi children and adolescents,” Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 203–208, 2010, Erratum in: Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 30, 500–502, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T.-H. Liou, Y.-C. Huang, and P. Chou, “Prevalence and secular trends in overweight and obese Taiwanese children and adolescents in 1991–2003,” Annals of Human Biology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 176–185, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. W. Ng, S. Zaghloul, H. Ali et al., “Nutrition transition in the United Arab Emirates,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 1328–1337, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. C. Savva, Y. Kourides, M. Tornaritis, M. Epiphaniou-Savva, C. Chadjigeorgiou, and A. Kafatos, “Obesity in children and adolescents in Cyprus. Prevalence and predisposing factors,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1036–1045, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Kunesova, J. Vignerova, A. Steflová et al., “Obesity of Czech children and adolescents: relation to parental obesity and socioeconomic factors,” Journal of Public Health, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 163–170, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Blüher, C. Meigen, R. Gausche et al., “Age-specific stabilization in obesity prevalence in German children: a cross-sectional study from 1999 to 2008,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. e199–e206, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. T. Tzotzas, E. Kapantais, K. Tziomalos et al., “Epidemiological survey for the prevalence of overweight and abdominal obesity in Greek adolescents,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1718–1722, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Vieno, M. Santinello, and M. C. Martini, “Epidemiology of overweight and obesity among Italian early adolescents: relation with physical activity and sedentary behaviour,” Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 100–107, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. Whelton, J. Harrington, E. Crowley, V. Kelleher, M. Cronin, and I. J. Perry, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland: results from the North South Survey of Children's Height, Weight and Body Mass Index, 2002,” BMC Public Health, vol. 7, article 187, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. B. Sardinha, R. Santos, S. Vale et al., “Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Portuguese youth: a study in a representative sample of 1018-year-old children and adolescents,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. e124–e128, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Ö. B. Ekblom, K. Oddsson, and B. T. Ekblom, “Prevalence and regional differences in overweight in 2001 and trends in BMI distribution in Swedish children from 1987 to 2001,” Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 257–263, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. L. Booth, T. Dobbins, A. D. Okely, E. Denney-Wilson, and L. L. Hardy, “Trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among young Australians, 1985, 1997, and 2004,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1089–1095, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. Utter, S. Denny, S. Crengle et al., “Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: associations with ethnicity and deprivation,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 461–466, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. M. Tassitano, M. V. G. D. Barros, M. C. M. Tenório, J. Bezerra, and P. C. Hallal, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated factors among public high school students in Pernambuco State, Brazil,” Cadernos de Saúde Pública, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 2639–2652, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. G. T. C. Ko, R. Ozaki, G. W. K. Wong et al., “The problem of obesity among adolescents in Hong Kong: a comparison using various diagnostic criteria,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 8, article 10, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. Bishwalata, A. B. Singh, A. J. Singh, L. U. Devi, and R. K. Bikramjit Singh, “Overweight and obesity among schoolchildren in Manipur, India,” National Medical Journal of India, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 263–266, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. N. N. Abu Baker and S. M. Daradkeh, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in irbid governorate, Jordan,” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 657–662, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. K. Søren and C. Jo, “The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Danish school children,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 489–491, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. H. Thibault, B. Contrand, E. Saubusse, M. Baine, and S. Maurice-Tison, “Risk factors for overweight and obesity in French adolescents: physical activity, sedentary behavior and parental characteristics,” Nutrition, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 192–200, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. Y. Manios, P. D. Angelopoulos, G. Kourlaba et al., “Prevalence of obesity and body mass index correlates in a representative sample of Cretan school children,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 135–141, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. Á. Baráth, K. Boda, M. Tichy, É. Károly, and S. Túri, “International comparison of blood pressure and BMI values in schoolchildren aged 11–16 years,” Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 251–255, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. F. Velluzzi, A. Lai, G. Secci et al., “Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Sardinian adolescents,” Eating and Weight Disorders, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. e44–e50, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. R. Baratta, C. Degano, D. Leonardi, R. Vigneri, and L. Frittitta, “High prevalence of overweight and obesity in 11–15-year-old children from Sicily,” Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 249–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. M. Jodkowska, A. Oblacinska, and I. Tabak, “Overweight and obesity among adolescents in Poland: gender and regional differences,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1688–1692, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. M. M. Bibiloni, E. Martinez, R. Llull, M. D. Juarez, A. Pons, and J. A. Tur, “Prevalence and risk factors for obesity in Balearic Islands adolescents,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 99–106, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. P. Henríquez Sánchez, J. Doreste Alonso, P. Laínez Sevillano et al., “Prevalence of obesity and overweight in adolescents from Canary Islands, Spain. Relationship with breakfast and physical activity,” Medicina Clínica, vol. 130, pp. 606–610, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  53. A. M. Lasserre, A. Chiolero, F. Cachat, F. Paccaud, and P. Bovet, “Overweight in Swiss children and associations with children's and parents' characteristics,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2912–2919, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. N. Öner, Ü. Vatansever, A. Sari et al., “Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in Turkish adolescents,” Swiss Medical Weekly, vol. 134, no. 35-36, pp. 529–533, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. A. C. F. De Moraes, R. P. Fadoni, L. M. Ricardi et al., “Prevalence of abdominal obesity in adolescents: a systematic review,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 69–77, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. T. Lobstein, L. Baur, and R. Uauy, “Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 5, supplement 1, pp. 4–85, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. S. Low, M. C. Chin, and M. Deurenberg-Yap, “Review on epidemic of obesity,” Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 57–59, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. L. Serra Majem, L. Ribas Barba, J. Aranceta Bartrina, C. Pérez Rodrigo, P. Saavedra Santana, and L. Peña Quintana, “Childhood and adolescent obesity in Spain. Results of the enKid study (1998–2000),” Medicina Clinica, vol. 121, no. 19, pp. 725–732, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. J. Aranceta, C. Pérez Rodrigo, L. Serra Majem et al., “Prevalencia de la obesidad en España: resultados del estudio SEEDO, 2000,” Medicina Clínica, vol. 120, pp. 608–612, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  60. J. Kain, R. Uauy, F. Vio, and C. Albala, “Trends in overweight and obesity prevalence in Chilean children: comparison of three definitions,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 200–204, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. L. Monasta, T. Lobstein, T. J. Cole, J. Vignerová, and A. Cattaneo, “Defining overweight and obesity in pre-school children: IOTF reference or WHO standard?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 295–300, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. L. A. Moreno, M. G. Blay, G. Rodríguez et al., “Screening performances of the International Obesity Task Force body mass index cut-off values in adolescents,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 403–408, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. M. De Onis and T. Lobstein, “Defining obesity risk status in the general childhood population: which cut-offs should we use?” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 458–460, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. J. J. Reilly, J. Kelly, and D. C. Wilson, “Accuracy of simple clinical and epidemiological definitions of childhood obesity: systematic review and evidence appraisal,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 645–655, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. D. S. Freedman, J. Wang, J. C. Thornton et al., “Racial/ethnic differences in body fatness among children and adolescents,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1105–1111, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. J. J. Reilly, “Obesity in childhood and adolescence: evidence based clinical and public health perspectives,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 82, no. 969, pp. 429–437, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus