International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

The Destructive Capacity of Drug Abuse: An Overview Exploring the Harmful Potential of Drug Abuse Both to the Individual and to Society

Table 1

Acute effects of opioids and rebound withdrawal symptoms [12] commonly experienced upon cessation of heroin.

Acute action Withdrawal sign

Analgesia Pain and irritability
Respiratory depression Hyperventilation
Euphoria Dysphoria and depression
Relaxation and sleep Restlessness and insomnia
Tranquilization Fearfulness and hostility
Constipation Diarrhoea
Decreased blood pressure Increased blood pressure
Pupillary constriction Pupillary dilation
Hypothermia Hyperthermia
Reduced sex drive Spontaneous ejaculation
Flushed warm skin Cold skin
Drying of secretions Lacrimation and runny nose

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