Table of Contents
ISRN Radiology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 453763, 4 pages
Research Article

Association of Mandible Anatomy with Age, Gender, and Dental Status: A Radiographic Study

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha 751024, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, King George Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226003, India
3Department of Public Health Dentistry, Shri Aurobindo Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453111, India
4Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MGVM’s Dental College, Nashik, Maharashtra 422003, India
5Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Wardha, Maharashtra 442004, India
6Department of Oral Pathology, Peoples Dental Academy, Bhanpur Bypass Road, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462037, India

Received 20 August 2013; Accepted 18 September 2013

Academic Editors: H. Akan and P. Cascone

Copyright © 2013 Revant H. Chole et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Gonial angle and antegonial region are important landmarks in mandible which is influenced by gender, age, and dental status. The objective of this study was to evaluate the gonial angle, antegonial angle, and antegonial depth and to investigate their relationship to gender, age group, and dental status. Materials and Methods. A total of 1060 panoramic radiographs were evaluated: the dentulous group, 854 subjects and the edentulous group, 206 subjects. The patients were grouped into six age groups of 10-years each. Gonial angle, antegonial angle, and antegonial depth were measured from panoramic radiographs. Results and Discussion. Corelation of age with gonial angle, antegonial angle and antegonial depth was not significant. Significant difference in mandibular angle was found between males and females. Males had significantly smaller antegonial angle and greater antegonial depth than females. Significant difference was found for gonial angle, antegonial angle, and antegonial depth between right and left sides of mandible. Conclusion. Gonial angle, antegonial angle, and antegonial depth can be implicated as a forensic tool for gender determination but not suitable for age determination.