Table of Contents
ISRN Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 461704, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/461704
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Treatment Failure among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Federal Medical Centre, Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria

1Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 37, Gombe, Nigeria
2Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 37, Gombe, Nigeria
3Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria

Received 27 October 2012; Accepted 25 November 2012

Academic Editors: E. Çiftçi, K. Sawanyawisuth, and G. Simo

Copyright © 2013 Y. B. Jibrin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Treatment failure in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis poses a great danger to the global effort in control of tuberculosis. This study evaluated prevalence of treatment failure among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Gombe, Nigeria. Consecutive patients managed between August 2008 and August 2009 at the Directly Observed Therapy (Tuberculosis) Unit of our hospital were enrolled for the study. Sputum specimens were collected from each patient at entry for Acid Fast Bacilli and repeated at the end of 2nd, 5th and 7th month of treatment. Of the 247 patients recruited, 200 patients consisting of 118 (59%) males and 82 (41%) females aged 15–78 years with a mean of 36.8 ± 12.4 years completed the study. One hundred and fifteen (57.5%) of the patients were sputum smear positive at entry while 85 (42%) were negative. Among 115 smear positive patients at baseline, 80 patients (69.6%), 26 (22.6%) and 24 (20.9%) remained positive after 2nd, 5th and 7th month of treatment respectively. In conclusion, there is a high treatment failure rate (22.6%) among our TB patients; and this poses a great danger to healthcare personnel and close contacts in the community.