International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Adverse Health Effects Associated with Increased Activity at Kīlauea Volcano: A Repeated Population-Based Survey

Table 3

Student’s t-test analysis of vital sign measurements of adult residents from Hawai’i Island, USA.

Field-measured vital signUnexposed groupVog exposed group
MeanSD n MeanSDn p (2)

Pulse per minute (regular rhythm)76.8112.4510676.2914.30990.78
 Nonsmokers and nonmedicated75.3312.541284.9017.54200.11
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)130.5118.05109135.6919.741080.045
 Nonsmokers130.4118.1892137.3119.03870.01
 Males129.3216.3544136.7218.78500.04
 Females131.3219.2065134.7920.65580.34
 Hawaiians134.1825.1511135.0422.55230.92
 Filipinos127.6818.9137138.3417.78350.02
 Whites128.8014.4430138.4019.24350.03
 Elderly ≥65 years133.4917.0647144.6015.51400.002
 Nonsmokers with normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.9) 130.0018.0341138.1517.37410.04
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)81.5810.6510986.2811.111080.002
 Nonsmokers80.7210.619285.8210.80870.002
Respirations per minute17.961.4110917.711.551070.21
Blood oxygen concentration (Oximetry; % SpO2)96.111.3910995.551.701090.008
 Nonsmokers96.101.229295.451.72870.004

Note. SD: standard deviation; BMI: body-mass index; and mm Hg: millimeters of mercury.

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