Table of Contents
ISRN Plastic Surgery
Volume 2013, Article ID 476783, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/476783
Clinical Study

Enumeration of Salivary Streptococci and Lactobacilli in Children with Differing Caries Experiences in a Rural Indian Population

1Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Al Mahjar, Jeddah 21418, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra 442001, India

Received 23 October 2012; Accepted 29 November 2012

Academic Editors: A. Faga, C. Maldonado, and Z. Panthaki

Copyright © 2013 Sreeja Ravindran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Compare the total salivary Streptococci and Lactobacilli counts in cleft and noncleft children with differing caries experiences, correlate the bacterial counts with dmft/DMFT status and identify the different biotypes of Mutans Streptococci (MS). Patients. Group I included thirty subjects with dental caries (DC) and cleft lip and palate (CL/P); Group II had thirty subjects with DC but without CL/P. Group III comprised a control of thirty subjects with neither DC nor CL/P. Methodology. Enumeration of total salivary Streptococci and Lactobacilli was done by the plate count method and correlation of counts with dmft/ DMFT status examined. Differences in biochemical reactions were used to identify the biotypes. Results. Streptococci colonies in CL/P children with caries (64.30 ± 24.52) was significantly higher than in children with no CL/P or caries (45.57 ± 16.73). No significant differences in the Lactobacilli count were observed. dmft/DMFT status and Streptococci counts showed a strong positive correlation whereas Lactobacilli counts showed a moderate correlation. S. mutans was the predominant biotype. Conclusions. Higher total salivary Streptococci and Lactobacilli counts exist in cleft subjects with caries than in the non-cleft subjects. Positive correlation between dmft/DMFT scores and salivary Streptococci reinforces its role in DC. S. mutans and S. sobrinus are the biotypes more frequently associated with dental caries in children.