Table of Contents
ISRN Radiology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 480862, 12 pages
Review Article

Ultrasonographic Features of Kidney Transplants and Their Complications: An Imaging Review

1Radiology Department, Evangelismos Hospital, 10676 Athens, Greece
2Intensive Care Unit, General State Hospital of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece

Received 20 September 2012; Accepted 5 November 2012

Academic Editors: U. Bozlar and H.-X. Xu

Copyright © 2013 Chrysafoula Kolofousi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for managing patients with end-stage kidney disease. Being submitted to a very serious surgical procedure, renal transplant recipients can only benefit from follow-up imaging and monitoring strategies. Ultrasound is considered as the principal imaging test in the evaluation of renal transplants. It is an easily applied bedside examination that can detect possible complications and guide further imaging or intervention. In this imaging review, we present essential information regarding the sonographic features of healthy renal transplants, detailing the surgical technique and how it affects the sonoanatomy. We focus on various complications that occur following renal transplantation and their sonographic features by reviewing pertinent literature sources and our own extensive imaging archives.