Table of Contents
ISRN Radiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 483069, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/483069
Review Article

Abdominal Manifestations of Lymphoma: Spectrum of Imaging Features

Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE, Escola Paulista de Medicina, UNIFESP, Avenida Professor Moraes Rego, s/n, Cidade Universitária, 50670-420 Recife, PE, Brazil

Received 13 May 2013; Accepted 23 July 2013

Academic Editors: A. Graff-Guerrero, B. Puri, and H. S. Thomsen

Copyright © 2013 Adonis Manzella et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphomas frequently involve many structures in the abdomen and pelvis. Extranodal disease is more common with Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma than with Hodgkin's lymphoma. Though it may be part of a systemic lymphoma, single onset of nodal lymphoma is not rare. Extranodal lymphoma has been described in virtually every organ and tissue. In decreasing order of frequency, the spleen, liver, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, abdominal wall, genitourinary tract, adrenal, peritoneal cavity, and biliary tract are involved. The purpose of this review is to discuss and illustrate the spectrum of appearances of nodal and extranodal lymphomas, including AIDS-related lymphomas, in the abdominopelvic region using a multimodality approach, especially cross-sectional imaging techniques. The most common radiologic patterns of involvement are illustrated. Familiarity with the imaging manifestations that are diagnostically specific for lymphoma is important because imaging plays an important role in the noninvasive management of disease.