Table of Contents
ISRN Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 485439, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/485439
Clinical Study

Trichomonas vaginalis Infection among Pregnant Women in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, Jimma University, P.O. Box 409, Jimma, Ethiopia

Received 15 January 2013; Accepted 2 February 2013

Academic Editors: D. Bachani, K. Couper, M. A. De Souza, and T. Matsumoto

Copyright © 2013 Abdurehman Eshete et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted parasitic protozoan known to be responsible for an estimated 180 million new infections per year, making it the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted pathogen worldwide. Method. A cross-sectional study design was conducted on vaginal swabs by wet mount and Modified Columbia Agar culture technique in Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), ANC clinic, Jimma, Ethiopia. The study was done to assess the magnitude and associated risk factors of T. vaginalis infection from December to May, 2011/2012. Result. A total of 361 pregnant women were involved in this study. From these, 18 (4.98%) of the pregnant women were positive for T. vaginalis infection by Modified Columbian Agar culture technique. Education status (AOR = 0.186, 95% CI: 0.059–0.585, ), patients with dysuria (AOR = 0.180; 95% CI: 0.046–0.704, ) and dyspareunia (AOR = 0.152; 95% CI: 0.035–0.667, ) were significantly associated with T. vaginalis infection. Conclusion. The prevalence of T. vaginalis infection at 4.89% is relatively high among young reproductive aged women. Because this infection increases the risk of HIV transmission and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, there is a need for increased provision of health information concerning T. vaginalis to the community, educating women, screening, and treatment of T. vaginalis infection in Ethiopia.