Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 540589, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/540589
Research Article

Performance and Emission Analysis of a CI Engine in Dual Mode with LPG and Karanja Oil Methyl Ester

Department of Mechanical Engineering, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Received 8 June 2013; Accepted 18 August 2013

Academic Editors: V. Makareviciene, P. C. Pullammanappallil, and P. Tsilingiris

Copyright © 2013 S. K. Acharya and S. P. Jena. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is experimented with to improve the performance of a dual fuel compression ignition (CI) engine running on Karanja oil methyl ester (KOME) blends. Diesel is used as a reference fuel for the dual fuel engine results. During the experimentation, the engine performance is measured in terms of brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), and exhaust emission is measured in terms of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), and oxides of nitrogen ( ). Dual fuel engine with LPG showed a reduction in and smoke emission; however, it suffers from high HC and CO emission, particularly, at lower loads due to poor ignition. Comparison of performance and emissions is done for diesel and blends of KOME. Results showed that using KOME blends (10% and 20%) has improved the CI engine performance with a reduction in HC and CO emissions.