Table of Contents
ISRN Hematology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 675191, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/675191
Research Article

HBsAg Positive Patient Characteristics in Hospital and Blood Donation Camps

1Department of Transfusion Medicine, Global Hospitals & Health City, Chennai, India
2Department of Hepatology & Liver Transplantation, Global Hospitals & Health City, Chennai 600 100, India
3Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, Chennai 600 100, India

Received 28 May 2013; Accepted 1 August 2013

Academic Editors: D. L. Baker, A. Bosly, and A. Gatt

Copyright © 2013 Deepti Sachan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Prevention of the residual risk of transfusion transmitted hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) is mostly dependant on serological screening of blood donors for HBsAg and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc Ab). This study aimed to study the prevalence of HBsAg and anti-HBc Ab and to compare the profile of blood donors attending a blood donation camp and people attending a hospital based camp. Methods. In the blood donor camp, all the blood units were screened for HBV, (HBsAg and anti-HBc), and in the hospital based camp, screening was done for HBsAg alone. Baseline demographic characteristics were noted. Results. The number of blood bank donors was 363 (47.5%) and hospital camp attendees was 402 (52.5%). Prevalence of HBsAg positivity was similar in both the groups at 1.7% and 1.9%, respectively. Anti-HBc Ab positivity (Total) was 6% among the blood donors; Overall prevalence of HBV infection in this group was 3.2%. Conclusion. Policy for checking the collected blood unit by 3 tests for anti-HBc, anti-HBsAb, and HBsAg should be reconsidered to possibly achieve the zero risk goal of transfusion transmitted HBV infection. Blood obtained from a vaccinated donor may give an added protection to the recipient.