Table of Contents
ISRN Cardiology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 687069, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/687069
Review Article

Pathobiology of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Related Dyslipidemia: Focus on the Liver

Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Joseph Hospital, 2900 North Lake Shore, Chicago, IL 60657, USA

Received 29 November 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012

Academic Editors: J. Barzilay and J. Carlquist

Copyright © 2013 Aibek E. Mirrakhimov and Alaa M. Ali. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea and dyslipidemia are common medical disorders that independently increase vascular morbidity and mortality. Current animal and human data show that, indeed, obstructive sleep apnea may mediate pathological alterations in cholesterol and triglyceride metabolism. The mechanisms involved are increased lipolysis, decreased lipoprotein clearance, and enhanced lipid output from the liver. Human evidence shows that the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure leads to an improvement of postprandial hyperlipidemia. However, more studies are needed, to clarify the pathophysiology of the interrelationship between obstructive sleep apnea and dyslipidemia and whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea will lead to an improvement in the lipid profile and, more importantly, reduce hyperlipidemia-related vascular outcomes.