Table of Contents
ISRN Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 691054, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/691054
Research Article

The Effect of HIV/AIDS Education on Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago

1School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
2School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
3School of Behavioral Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA

Received 4 December 2012; Accepted 1 January 2013

Academic Editors: D. Bachani, K. Couper, and T. Matsumoto

Copyright © 2013 Vanessa Jones et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an HIV/AIDS educational intervention on adolescents’ knowledge about and perceptions of susceptibility and severity of HIV/AIDS. We also examined whether providing information about assertiveness skills led to an intention to delay initiation of sexual activity. Methods. A quasi-experimental design was used to conduct this study among secondary school students in Trinidad and Tobago. The five constructs of the Health Belief Model were used to design and test the impact of the educational lessons for the intervention group while the comparison group watched one educational video about HIV over four sessions. A total of 196 secondary school students (from nine schools) between the ages of 11 and 18 years participated in the study, 92 in the intervention group and 104 in the comparison group. Results. Those in the comparison group had higher knowledge scores at posttest than the intervention group, controlling for pretest knowledge ( ), but those in the intervention group were more likely to plan to delay sexual initiation ( ). Conclusions. While knowledge scores increased for both groups, intention to delay sexual intercourse was only seen among the intervention group and within the younger age groups.