Table of Contents
ISRN Otolaryngology
Volume 2013, Article ID 698382, 4 pages
Clinical Study

Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects and Therapy of Chronic Otitis Media in the “ENT” and Cervicofacial Surgery Ward in the University Hospital of Ouagadougou

1Department of Otolaryngology (ENT) and Cervico-Facial Surgery (CFS), “Yalgado Ouedraogo” University Hospital (CHU-YO), 03 BP 7022, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
2Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS), 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
3Department of ENT and CFS, “Souro Sanou ” Hospital (CHU-SS), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Received 10 June 2013; Accepted 18 July 2013

Academic Editors: S. I. Ishimoto, M. V. Nestor, and M. Reiß

Copyright © 2013 Y. M. C. Gyebre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological and clinical aspects of chronic otitis media and its therapeutic processes in our context. Patients and Methods. In a prospective study over a period of 1 year (March 2009–February 2010), 79 patients with chronic otitis media have been cared for in the otolaryngology ward of the University Hospital of Ouagadougou. Results. Chronic otitis media (COM) commonly occurs in the age group from 0 to 15 years (40.50%). Otorrhea was the main reason for consultation in 53 cases (67.10%); the most frequently encountered clinicopathological forms were simple COM (71%) followed by otitis media with effusion (24.30%). Intra-auricular instillations of traditional products (46.09%) were the dominant favoring factor. Treatment was essentially through medication in 59 cases with a stabilization of lesions. Endotemporal complications were noticed in 6 cases. Conclusion. The fight against chronic otitis media is carried out through preventive measures of education the of people.