Table of Contents
ISRN Geriatrics
Volume 2013, Article ID 709823, 8 pages
Research Article

The Prevalence of Social Engagement in the Disabled Elderly and Related Factors

1Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikariga-Oka, Fukushima-Shi, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
2Faculty of Human Studies, Bunkyo Gakuin University, 1196 Kamekubo, Fujimino-Shi, Saitama 356-8533, Japan
3Graduate School, J. F. Oberlin University, 3758 Tokiwa-Machi, Machida-Shi, Tokyo 194-0294, Japan

Received 22 April 2013; Accepted 19 May 2013

Academic Editors: S. Dahlin-Ivanoff, B. O. Popescu, and A. Tales

Copyright © 2013 Midori Kimura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study is to explore the prevalence and related factors of social engagement in the disabled elderly. Participants were 86 elderly ranging from 65 to 84 years of age with disability dwelling in Fukushima City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Among them, socially engaged elderly were 23 people (26.7% of the participants). Seventeen of the 23 socially engaged elderly were mildly disabled (32.7% of the mild disability group). Four were moderately disabled (20.0% of the moderate disability group), and 2 were severely disabled elderly (14.3% of the severe disability group). Factors related to social engagement in the disabled elderly were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results showed that self-rated health and psychological independence were significantly associated with social engagement in the disabled elderly. This result did not change even after adjusting for disability status level. These findings suggest that support in psychological aspects, such as self-rated health and psychological independence, may promote social engagement in the disabled elderly.