Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 741783, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/741783
Research Article

Oral Health Behavior of Parents as a Predictor of Oral Health Status of Their Children

1Oral and Dental Disease Research Center and Dental Public Health Department, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2Research Center of Social Determinants of Health, Institute of Future Health Research, Dental Public Health Department, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, “P.O. Box 76175”, Kerman, Iran

Received 3 February 2013; Accepted 10 April 2013

Academic Editors: P. Gjermo and H.-S. Kho

Copyright © 2013 Elham Bozorgmehr et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. It is widely acknowledged that the behavior of parents affects their children’s health. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between oral health behavior of parents and oral health status and behavior of their children in a sample of preschool children in Iran. Method and Material. A random sample of over-five-year-old preschool children and their parents were enrolled in the study. Selection of schools was by clustering method. Parents were asked to fill a piloted questionnaire which included demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, oral health behaviors of children and their parents. Oral health status of children was examined. The parent and their children oral health relationship were tested using regression and correlation analysis. Results. About 222 parents and children participated in the study. There was a significant relationship between history of having dental problems in parents and dmft index in their children ( ). There was a significant relationship between parental frequency of tooth brushing and child frequency of tooth brushing ( ); however, there was no significant relationship between parental frequency of dental visits and those of their children ( ). Conclusion. The study concluded that some important health behaviors in parents, such as tooth brushing habits are important determinants of these behaviors in their young children. So promoting parent knowledge and attitude could affect their children oral health behavior and status.