Table of Contents
ISRN Zoology
Volume 2013, Article ID 760349, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/760349
Review Article

A Review on Animal Hybridization’s Role in Evolution and Conservation: Canis rufus (Audubon and Bachman) 1851—A Case Study

Departamento de Paleontologia e Geologia, Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista s/n, São Cristóvão, 20940-040 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 30 September 2013; Accepted 12 November 2013

Academic Editors: V. Ketmaier and T. H. Struck

Copyright © 2013 Rodrigo Vargas Pêgas. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Canis rufus is an example of animal whose conservational needs have been questioned because of its possible hybrid status. Control of hybridization has been defended and done in the wild to theoretically save the species. However, control of hybridization may not be the solution. Hybridization may be a phenomenon misconceived by many modern evolutionary biologists, and conservation guidelines over control on anthropogenic impacts may need revisions in order to respect the new perspectives on hybridization’s role in evolution. The term “cladogamy” is being proposed to substitute “hybridization” and to refer to the crossing between two any given clades, due to difficulties from scientists and eventual arbitrary means of separating species from lower taxa.