Table of Contents
ISRN Civil Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 817384, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/817384
Research Article

Vibration Characteristics of Composite Footbridges under Various Human Running Loads

1UTM Construction Research Centre (UTM-CRC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
2Civil Engineering Faculty, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
3Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Received 6 August 2013; Accepted 3 September 2013

Academic Editors: R. S. Jangid and B. Uy

Copyright © 2013 Faraz Sadeghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Various types of human running dynamic loads are numerically studied and compared to assess vibration characteristics of the light and slender composite footbridges. Running, which is a common human activity, has been categorized with respect to its intensity into jogging, normal running, and sprinting. To explore the footbridge’s performance, the vibration responses are investigated through a series of analyses in terms of the peak accelerations and displacements. In the model verification, the acquired first natural frequency of structure has shown good agreement with the value reported in the literature. The structural performance of the slender composite footbridge is then evaluated with regard to the serviceability requirement given by the current design standards. It is generally found that the maximum acceleration of the composite footbridge due to the excitation of one person running varies under different running types because of diversities in the velocity and the step frequency. Furthermore, it is shown that the investigated structure provides sufficient human comfort against vibrations for all the examined three types of running loads.