Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 824670, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/824670
Clinical Study

A Six-Month Study of Pulmonary Cancer in Albanian Women

1Internal Diseases Department, Hygeia Hospital, Tirana 1005, Albania
2University Hospital of Pulmonary Diseases, Tirana 1005, Albania
3Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tirana, Tirana 1005, Albania

Received 21 January 2013; Accepted 12 February 2013

Academic Editors: U. Abdel-Motal, S. Iborra, and E. M. Malik

Copyright © 2013 Jolanda Nikolla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Lung cancer is a potentially lethal disease, whose prevalence in Albania is constantly increasing, especially in women. Early diagnosis is extremely important with regard to life expectancy and quality. The authors conducted a survey on the behaviour in a sample group of Albanian women diagnosed with primary and secondary lung cancers. A discussion upon diagnostic methods, smoking habits, histological type, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), and treatment modalities is made. The data collected by the authors suggest that nonsmokers formed the main group of lung cancer female patients. The most frequent histological type was adenocarcinoma. Mesothelioma was the most frequent of the secondary pulmonary lung cancers, followed from metastasizing breast cancer. Despite a generally good performance of the cases, the diagnosis of pulmonary cancer is delayed. The data collected could not find a convincing etiological role of tobacco smoking, but caution is needed, regarding the short time length of the study and the sustained number of participants.