Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 827681, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/827681
Research Article

Hydrogen Production Using Reduced-Iron Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquids

1Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Science, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan
2Institute for Laser Technology, 1-8-4 Utsubo-honmachi, Nishi-ku, Osaka 550-0004, Japan

Received 28 December 2012; Accepted 3 February 2013

Academic Editors: S. S. Kalligeros and Z. Oktay

Copyright © 2013 Takehiro Okada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A recyclable energy cycle using a pulsed laser and base-metal nanoparticles is proposed. In this energy cycle, iron nanoparticles reduced from iron oxides by laser ablation in liquid are used for hydrogen generation. The laser energy can be stored in the base-metal nanoparticles as the difference between the chemical energies of iron oxide and iron. According to the results of an experiment on hydrogen production using the reduced iron nanoparticles, the reaction efficiency of the hydrogen generation at a temperature of 673 K was more than 94% for the ideal amount of generated hydrogen.