Table of Contents
ISRN Gastroenterology
Volume 2013, Article ID 838134, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/838134
Research Article

Depressed-Type Colonic Lesions and “De Novo” Cancer in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: A Colonoscopist’s Viewpoint

Digestive Disease Center Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Chigasaki Chuo 35-1, Tsuzuki-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa-ken 224-8503, Japan

Received 11 December 2012; Accepted 27 December 2012

Academic Editors: J.-P. Buts, U. Klinge, S. Ogino, and W. Vogel

Copyright © 2013 Shin-ei Kudo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is the most common inherited polyposis syndrome. Almost all patients with FAP will develop colorectal cancer if their FAP is not identified and treated at an early stage. Although there are many reports about polypoid lesions and colorectal cancers in FAP patients, little information is available concerning depressed lesions in FAP patients. Several reports suggested that depressed-type lesions are characteristic of FAP and important in the light of their rapid growth and high malignancy. Here, we describe the occurrence of depressed-type lesions in FAP patients treated at our institution. Between April 2001 and March 2010, eight of 18 FAP patients had colorectal cancers. Depressed-type colorectal cancer was found in three patients. It should be kept in mind that depressed-type lesions occur even in FAP.