Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2013, Article ID 849709, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/849709
Research Article

Role of Organochlorine Pesticides in Children with Idiopathic Seizures

1Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and GTB Hospital, Delhi 110095, India
2Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi-95, India
3Department of Biochemistry, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and GTB Hospital, Delhi 110095, India

Received 27 August 2013; Accepted 7 October 2013

Academic Editors: C. Casey and D. D. Trevisanuto

Copyright © 2013 Shilpa Khanna Arora et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. C. Abhilash and N. Singh, “Pesticide use and application: an Indian scenario,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 165, no. 1–3, pp. 1–12, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Kannan, S. Tanabe, and R. Tatsukawa, “Geographical distribution and accumulation features of organochlorine residues in fish in tropical Asia and Oceania,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 2673–2683, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Shegunova, J. Klánová, and I. Holoubek, “Residues of organochlorinated pesticides in soils from the Czech Republic,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 146, no. 1, pp. 257–261, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. K. J. Siddiqui, S. Srivastava, S. P. Srivastava, P. K. Mehrotra, N. Mathur, and I. Tandon, “Persistent chlorinated pesticides and intra-uterine foetal growth retardation: a possible association,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 75–80, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. NTP, Report on Carcinogens, Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, 12th edition, 2011.
  6. M. Álvarez-Pedrerol, N. Ribas-Fitó, M. Torrent et al., “Thyroid disruption at birth due to prenatal exposure to β-hexachlorocyclohexane,” Environment International, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 737–740, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Dewan, V. Jain, P. Gupta, and B. D. Banerjee, “Organochlorine pesticide residues in maternal blood, cord blood, placenta, and breast milk and their relation to birth size,” Chemosphere, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 1704–1710, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. X. Wang, D. Wang, X. Qin, and X. Xu, “Residues of organochlorine pesticides in surface soils from college school yards in Beijing, China,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1090–1096, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. C. Abhilash and N. Singh, “Pesticide use and application: an Indian scenario,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 165, pp. 1–12, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  10. L. Fleming, J. B. Mann, J. Bean, T. Briggle, and J. R. Sanchez-Ramos, “Parkinson's disease and brain levels of organochlorine pesticides,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 100–103, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. M. Corrigan, L. Murray, C. L. Wyatt, and R. F. Shore, “Diorthosubstituted polychlorinated biphenyls in caudate nucleus in Parkinson's disease,” Experimental Neurology, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 339–342, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. R. Richardson, S. L. Shalat, B. Buckley et al., “Elevated serum pesticide levels and risk of Parkinson disease,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 870–875, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. R. Boersma and C. I. Lanting, “Environmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins: consequences for longterm neurological and cognitive development of the child lactation,” Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 478, pp. 271–287, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. C. Gladen, W. J. Rogan, P. Hardy, J. Thullen, J. Tingelstad, and M. Tully, “Development after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene transplacentally and through human milk,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 991–995, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. J. Rogan and B. C. Gladen, “PCBs, DDE, and child development at 18 and 24 months,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 407–413, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Koopman-Esseboom, N. Weisglas-Kuperus, M. A. J. De Ridder, C. G. Van Der Paauw, L. G. M. T. Tuinstra, and P. J. J. Sauer, “Effects of polychlorinated biphenyl/dioxin exposure and feeding type on infantś mental and psychomotor development,” Pediatrics, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 700–706, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B. E. Fishman and G. Gianutsos, “CNS biochemical and pharmacological effects of the isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (lindane) in the mouse,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 146–153, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. E. Gilbert and C. M. Mack, “Seizure thresholds in kindled animals are reduced by the pesticides lindane and endosulfan,” Neurotoxicology and Teratology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 143–150, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. Bush, J. Snow, and R. Koblintz, “Polychlorobiphenyl (PCB) congeners, p,p'-DDE, and hexachlorobenzene in maternal and fetal cord blood from mothers in upstate New York,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 517–527, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Mishra and H. P. Singh, “Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic status scale—a revision,” Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 273–274, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Tattersall, “Seizure activity post organophosphate exposure,” Frontiers in Bioscience, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 3688–3711, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Vucević, D. Hrncić, T. Radosavljević et al., “Correlation between electrocorticographic and motor phenomena in lindane-induced experimental epilepsy in rats,” Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, vol. 86, pp. 173–179, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  23. L. G. Stark, R. M. Joy, and M. A. Hollinger, “Effects of two isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) on cortical β-adrenoceptors in rat brain,” Experimental Neurology, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 276–284, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. B. E. Fishman and G. Gianutsos, “Opposite effects of different hexachlorocyclohexane (lindane) isomers on cerebellar cyclic GMP: relation of cyclic GMP accumulation to seizure activity,” Life Sciences, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 1703–1709, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Lindane, 2012, http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/DrugSafety/UCM133687.
  26. World Health Organization, The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification, 2009.
  27. S. Kutluhan, G. Akhan, F. Gultekin, and E. Kurdoglu, “Three cases of recurrent epileptic seizures caused by Endosulfan,” Neurology India, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 102–103, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. A. Matin, F. N. Jaffery, and R. A. Siddiqui, “A possible neurochemical basis of the central stimulatory effects of pp'DDT,” Journal of Neurochemistry, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1000–1005, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. E. Albertson, R. M. Joy, and L. G. Stark, “Chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides and amygdaloid kindling,” Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 233–237, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. V. L. Castro and J. Palermo-Neto, “Effects of long-term aldrin administration on seizure susceptibility of rats,” Pharmacology & Toxicology, vol. 65, pp. 204–208, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  31. A. Kumar, P. Dayal, G. Shukla, G. Singh, and P. E. Joseph, “DDT and HCH residue load in mother's breast milk: a survey of lactating mother's from remote villages in Agra region,” Environment International, vol. 32, pp. 248–251, 2006. View at Google Scholar