Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2013, Article ID 863282, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/863282
Research Article

Factors Associated with the Recent Increasing Cesarean Delivery Rate at a Japanese Perinatal Center

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital, 5-11-12 Tateishi, Katsushika-ku, Tokyo 124-0012, Japan

Received 29 April 2013; Accepted 8 June 2013

Academic Editors: N. A. Ginsberg, H. D. Modanlou, and K. Yang

Copyright © 2013 Shunji Suzuki and Mariyo Nakata. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. We examined which specific factors contributed to the increase in Cesarean delivery rate at our hospital over a 10-year period. Methods. From January 2002 to December 2012, data on the Japanese singleton deliveries at ≥22-week gestation managed at Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital were collected. Potential factors associated with the increasing Cesarean delivery rate were selected according to previous studies. In this study, the incidences of intrauterine fetal demise, umbilical artery pH 7.1, and severe perineal laceration were calculated for each year. Results. The Cesarean delivery rate at our institution increased significantly during the study period (17.3% in 2002 versus 23.4% in 2012, ). During the study period, the Cesarean delivery rates in the cases of nulliparity, preterm delivery, low birth weight ( 2,500 g), previous Cesarean deliveries and breech presentation were increased significantly. The incidence of intrauterine fetal demise and low umbilical artery pH was significantly decreased, and a negative correlation was found between the Cesarean delivery rate and the incidence of low umbilical artery pH for each year ( , ). Conclusion. At our institute, the neonatal outcomes seemed to be improved associated with the increased Cesarean delivery rate between 2002 and 2012.