Table of Contents
ISRN Biotechnology
Volume 2013, Article ID 872325, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/872325
Research Article

Properties and Application of a Partially Purified Thermoalkali Stable Xylanase from Cellulosimicrobium sp. MTCC 10645 in Kraft Pulp Bleaching

1Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Tatyasaheb Kore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Warananagar, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416113, India
2Department of Microbiology, KRP Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Islampur, Sangli, Maharashtra 415414, India

Received 25 April 2012; Accepted 23 May 2012

Academic Editors: W. A. Kues and O. V. Singh

Copyright © 2013 Rajashri D. Kamble and Anandrao R. Jadhav. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The most promising application of xylanases (E.C. 3.2.1.8) is in the prebleaching of kraft pulp. The present paper reports bleaching effects of a thermoalkali stable xylanase from Cellulosimicrobium sp. MTCC 10645. The bacterium produced thermo-alkali stable xylanase in a basal medium supplemented with wheat bran (1% w/v), which was optimally active at pH 7.0 and 50°C. The xylanase was stable at temperature 50°C for 1 h and retained up to 86% of the activity. The xylanase was stable in a broad pH range of 6.0–11.0 for 1 h at 50°C. Metal ions Ca+2, Hg+2, and Pb+2 were inhibitory for xylanase retaining 72.3%, 35.07% and 36.7% relative activity at 10 mM concentration, whereas Fe+2, Cu+2, Mn+2, Na+2, Co+2, and Zn+2 were inducers at concentrations of 5 mM and 10 mM. The enzyme exhibited greater binding affinity exclusively for xylans but not for avicel, CMC, cellobiose, starch, or p-nitrophenyl xylopyranoside. Parachloromercuric benzoate and iodoacetamide were found stimulatory, while potassium permanganate, cysteine, and cystine markedly reduced the activity. The xylanase dose of 2.0 U/g dry weight pulp of 10% consistency gave optimum bleach boosting of kraft pulp at pH 8.0 and temperature 50°C for 5 h reaction time.