Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 875873, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/875873
Clinical Study

The Coexistence of Psychiatric Disorders and Intellectual Disability in Children Aged 3–18 Years in the Barwani District, India

School of Health Sciences, Jackson State University, 350 West Woodrow Wilson Drive, Jackson Medical Mall, Suite NO. 320, Jackson, MS 39213, USA

Received 19 February 2013; Accepted 11 April 2013

Academic Editors: B. S. Ali, W. V. Bobo, and G. Kolaitis

Copyright © 2013 Ram Lakhan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The coexistence of psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disability (ID) is common. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with ID in Barwani, India. Method. A total of 262 children with ID were evaluated for psychiatric disorders using the diagnostic criteria outlined in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Results. Psychiatric disorders appeared in study participants at the following rates: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 6.5%; autism, 4.2%; anxiety, 2.7%; bipolar disorder, 1.1%; delusional disorder, 0.8%; depression, 2.3%; obsessive-compulsive disorder, 0.8%; schizophrenia, 1.9%; enuresis, 10.3%; epilepsy, 23.7%; and behavioral problems, 80.9%. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was statistically higher in severely intellectually disabled children ( ) than mildly intellectually disabled children ( ). Conclusions. There is a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with ID when their compared with ID children whose .