Table of Contents
ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2013, Article ID 895165, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/895165
Research Article

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Dairy Cattle with Reproductive Problems in Sudan

1Central Laboratory, Ministry of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 7099, Khartoum, Sudan
2Veterinary Research Institute, P.O. Box 8067, Khartoum, Sudan
3Animal Resources, Research Corporation, P.O. Box 8067, Khartoum, Sudan

Received 4 July 2013; Accepted 21 August 2013

Academic Editors: A. Berman and Z. Grabarevic

Copyright © 2013 Abdelghafar M. Elfahal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the most common parasitic infections of humans and other warm-blooded animals in most parts of the world. The disease is common among sheep and goats and it is recognized as one of the major causes of reproductive failure in these animals. Cattle, on the other hand, can be infected, but abortion or perinatal mortality has not been recorded. This survey was carried out to study the prevalence of this disease in cattle in Khartoum and Gazira States (Sudan). 181 sera samples collected from dairy cattle with reproductive problems were assayed for antibodies to T. gondii by ELISA. The prevalence rate of T. gondii antibodies in cattle at herd level was 44.8% (13/29). Herd level infection rates were 50% and 33.3% in Khartoum and Gazira States, respectively. The overall prevalence of T. gondii at individual level in both states was 13.3% (24/181). The prevalence was 12.7% (17/134), was 14.9% (7/47) in Khartoum and Gazira State, respectively. There was significantly higher ( ) prevalence of T. gondii antibodies in the age group less than one year old (36.4%) than in other age groups and in males (30.8%) than in females (11.9%) while no significant relationship was discerned regarding breed, location, season, or signs of reproductive disease.