Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 908614, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/908614
Research Article

Preparation of Gd Complex-Immobilized Silica Particles and Their Application to MRI

1Department of Biomolecular Functional Engineering, College of Engineering, Ibaraki University, 4-12-1 Naka-Narusawa-cho, Hitach-shi, Ibaraki 316-8511, Japan
2Division of Surgical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi, Miyagi 980-8574, Japan

Received 13 February 2013; Accepted 25 March 2013

Academic Editors: Y. A. Koksharov and P. Perriat

Copyright © 2013 Yoshio Kobayashi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A preparation method for Gd-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt dihydrate (ETDA) complex-immobilized silica particles (Gd-EDTA/SiO2) is proposed. Preparation of spherical silica particles was performed by a sol-gel method at 35°C using 0.2 M tetraethylorthosilicate, 25 M H2O, and 0.01 M NaOH in ethanol, which produced silica particles with an average size of  nm. Immobilization of Gd-EDTA on the silica particles was conducted at 35°C by introducing amino groups on the silica particles with (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane at pH 3 (NH2/SiO2) and then making Gd-EDTA act on the NH2/SiO2 particles at pH 5. The as-prepared Gd-EDTA/SiO2 particle colloid solution was concentrated up to a Gd concentration of 0.347 mM by centrifugation. The sphere structure of Gd-EDTA/SiO2 particles was undamaged, and the colloid solution was still colloidally stable, even after the concentrating process. The concentrated Gd-EDTA/SiO2 colloid solution revealed good MRI properties. A relaxivity value for T1-weighted imaging was as high as 5.15 mM−1 s−1, that was comparable to that for a commercial Gd complex contrast agent.