International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Tooth-Implant Connection: A Review

Table 1

Differences between dental implants and teeth [5].

Natural teethImplant

JunctionPeriodontal ligament.Osseoentegration and functional ankylosis.
Junction epithel (JE)Hemidesmosomes ve basal lamina.Hemidesmosomes and basal lamina.
Connect tissue (CT)13 group: vertical surfaces and tooth surface. 2 group: parallel ve circuler fibers.
No attachment on implant and bone surface.
Biological width (BW)JE: 0.97–1.14 mm
CT: 0.77–1.07 mm
BW: 2.04–2.91 mm
JE: 1.88 mm
CT: 1.05 mm
BW: 3.08 mm
Blood supplyHighLow
Probing depth3 mm in healthy tissue.2.5–5.0 mm according to soft tissue depth.
Pressure sensivityHighLow
Axial movability25–100 nm3–5 nm
Movement typeTwo phased.
Primary: compelex and nonlinear movement.
Secondary: linear and elastic movement.
Linear and elastic movement.
Movement formsPrimary: urgent movement.
Secondary: proggressive movement.
Gradual movement
Hinge point in lateral movements 1/3 apex region of the root.Crestal Bone
Property of freighteningShock absorpbtion mechanism and stress distrubition.Concentration and stress increase in crestal bone.
Overload findingsWidening in periodontal ligament, movement, abrasion surface, fremitus, and pain.Loss of screw or fracture, fracture in abutment or prosthesis, bone loss, and implant fracture.

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