Table of Contents
ISRN Parasitology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 927453, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/927453
Research Article

Colombian Anopheles triannulatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Naturally Infected with Plasmodium spp.

1Grupo de Microbiología Molecular, Escuela de Microbiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 53-108, Lab 5-430, Medellín, Colombia
2Linea de Entomología Médica, Programa de Estudio y Control de Enfermedades Tropicales (PECET), Universidad de Antioquia, Sede de Investigación Universitaria (SIU), Calle 62 no. 52-59, Lab 632, Medellín, Colombia
3Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of California at Davis, Shields Avenue, Tupper Hall, Room 3146, Davis, CA, USA

Received 2 July 2013; Accepted 13 August 2013

Academic Editors: J. M. Rubio and P. Somboon

Copyright © 2013 Doris A. Rosero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The role of Anopheles triannulatus as a local vector has not yet been defined for malaria-endemic regions of Colombia. Therefore, the aim of this work was to detect An. triannulatus naturally infected with Plasmodium spp., as an approximation to determining its importance as malaria vector in the country. A total of 510 An. triannulatus were collected in six malaria-endemic localities of NW and SE Colombia from January 2009 to March 2011. In the NW, two specimens were naturally infected; one with Plasmodium vivax VK247, collected biting on humans and the other with Plasmodium falciparum, collected resting on cattle. In the SE, two specimens were positive for P. falciparum. Although these results show An. triannulatus naturally infected with Plasmodium, further studies are recommended to demonstrate the epidemiological importance of this species in malaria-endemic regions of Colombia.