Table of Contents
ISRN Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 941581, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/941581
Review Article

Electronic Nose Based on Nanomaterials: Issues, Challenges, and Prospects

Thin Film Devices Section, Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085, India

Received 25 August 2013; Accepted 16 September 2013

Academic Editors: W. Bao and J. Li

Copyright © 2013 Niranjan S. Ramgir. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The ability to precisely control the morphology and dimension coupled with the tunable surface reactivity has led to the widespread investigation of nanomaterials for various device applications. The associated high surface area to volume ratio implies that large numbers of atom are residing on the surface and are available for interaction. Accordingly, nanomaterials have demonstrated the potential to realize sensors with ultrahigh sensitivities and fast response kinetics. The smaller size further provides the possibility of miniaturization and integration of large number of devices. All these properties makes them an attractive candidate for the fabrication of electronic nose or e-nose. E-nose is an intelligent chemical-array sensor system that mimics the mammalian olfactory system. The present paper critically reviews the recent development in the field of nanomaterials based e-nose devices. In particular, this paper is focused on the description of nanomaterials for e-nose application, specifically on the promising approaches that are going to contribute towards the further development of this field. Various issues related to successful utilization of different nanomaterials for commercial application are discussed, taking help from the literature. The review concludes by briefing the important steps taken towards the commercialization and highlighting the loopholes that are still to be addressed.