Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2013, Article ID 960371, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/960371
Research Article

Hierarchical Models of Self-Concept across Genders and Sciences/Humanities for College Students in Taiwan

Department of Education, National Chengchi University, 64 Zhinan Road Section 2, Taipei 11605, Taiwan

Received 28 February 2013; Accepted 13 May 2013

Academic Editors: S. Cessna and C. C. Schifter

Copyright © 2013 Mei-Shiu Chiu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the hierarchical model of self-concept (SC) using two operations (Models A and B). In Model A, global self-concept (GSC) is the higher-order factor of field-specific self-concepts (FSCs). In Model B, GSC is the predictor of the correlated FSCs. The data of 28,824 college students are obtained from the national database for higher education in Taiwan. The two models are examined by the use of total-group hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis (HCFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM), respectively. Multigroup HCFA and SEM are used to test whether the two models demonstrate measurement equivalence and structural invariance across female and male college students and across college students coming from different fields of study. The results of the analysis reveal three major findings. (1) The data fit Models A-B well for all the students as a whole. (2) Females and males are found not to be equivalent in the structure of both models. (3) Females from female-dominated humanities fields (education and business) are different from those in male-dominated sciences fields (engineering and natural sciences), while males from the four fields are similar in both models.