International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Carotid Atherosclerosis as a Surrogate Maker of Cardiovascular Disease in Diabetic Patients

Table 1

Characteristics of cardiovascular disease and control groups.

Characteristics Non-CVD 
CVD 
value*

Male gender, (%)102 (51.3)49 (68.1)0.018
Age (years)67 ± 1072 ± 8<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)23.3 ± 4.023.9 ± 4.30.313
Obesity, (%)54 (27.1)24 (33.3)0.363
Smoking status (pack·year)0 (0–520)300 (0–845)0.092
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)140 ± 23137 ± 200.389
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79 ± 1477 ± 130.198
Antihypertensive medication (%)88 (44.2)55 (76.4)<0.001
Raised blood pressure, (%)159 (79.9)61 (84.7)0.482
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)141 ± 43136 ± 450.460
Triglycerides (mg/dL)90 (67–146)96 (65–129)0.590
Hypertriglyceridemia, (%)48 (24.1)13 (18.1)0.327
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)55 ± 1949 ± 150.015
Lipid-lowering medication, (%)12 (6.0)20 (27.8)<0.001
Low HDL cholesterolemia, (%)69 (34.7)40 (55.6)0.003
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL)166 (118–229)137 (105–186)0.082
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)74.9 ± 21.066.6 ± 22.30.005
Carotid IMT (mm)0.92 ± 0.201.11 ± 0.28<0.001

CVD: cardiovascular disease; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration ratio; IMT: intima-media thickness. Body mass index was calculated using weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. eGFR = 194 × Cr−1.094 × Age−0.287 × 0.739 (if female). Data presented are mean ± standard deviation. Data for smoking status, triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose were skewed, are presented as median (interquartile range) values, and were log transformed for analysis.

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