International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Carotid Atherosclerosis as a Surrogate Maker of Cardiovascular Disease in Diabetic Patients

Table 2

Relationship between various confounding factors and CVD.

Characteristics Pearson’s
correlation coefficient
( value)
Multiple linear regression analysis
β ( value)

Male gender, %0.149 (0.014)0.197 (0.006)
Age (years)0.238 (<0.001)0.090 (0.165)
Body mass index (kg/m2)0.062 (0.313)0.033 (0.587)
Smoking status (pack·year)0.102 (0.092)−0.009 (0.896)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)−0.052 (0.389)−0.103 (0.136)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)−0.079 (0.198)0.016 (0.822)
Antihypertensive medication (%)0.285 (<0.001)0.194 (0.001)
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)−0.045 (0.460)0.024 (0.725)
Triglycerides (mg/dL)−0.033 (0.590)−0.132 (0.059)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)−0.148 (0.015)−0.191 (0.001)
Lipid-lowering medication (%)0.298 (<0.001)0.284 (<0.001)
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL)−0.106 (0.082)−0.057 (0.296)
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)−0.170 (0.005)−0.058 (0.312)
Carotid IMT (mm)0.353 (<0.001)0.259 (<0.001)

Data for smoking status, triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose were skewed and log transformed for analysis.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.