Table of Contents
ISRN Nephrology
Volume 2013, Article ID 980859, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/980859
Review Article

Renal Biopsy Research in the Former Soviet Union: Prevention of a Negligent Custom

Department of Pathology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Clementovski Per 6-82, Moscow 115184, Russia

Received 21 June 2012; Accepted 9 August 2012

Academic Editors: B. Lelongt and M. Merta

Copyright © 2013 Sergei V. Jargin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Insufficient international coordination of medical research and partial isolation from the international scientific community can result in repetition of research already performed in other countries. Renal biopsy was broadly used for research in the former Soviet Union. It was performed, sometimes without sufficient clinical indications, in patients with amyloidosis, renovascular hypertension (from both kidneys: on the side of the renal artery stenosis and the contralateral one), chronic alcoholism, and acute and chronic pyelonephritis (intraoperative wedge and core biopsies). In chronic alcoholism, biopsies were taken from kidneys, pancreas, salivary glands, stomach, lung, skin, and liver, sometimes repeatedly. The classification of glomerulonephritis was different from those used internationally, for example, it did not include IgA nephropathy as a separate entity. Several examples of studies based on renal biopsies are discussed in this paper. A conclusion is however optimistic: the upturn in economy enables today to modernize equipment and introduce new methods, while broadening international cooperation facilitates the flow of foreign experience into the country. The purpose of this paper was to prevent inadequate use of renal biopsy in future.