Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 135368, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/135368
Research Article

Polymorphisms in Glutathione S-Transferase M1, T1, and P1 in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis: A Pilot Study

1Center of Research and Advanced Studies in Dentistry (CIEAO), Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, 50130 Toluca, MEX, Mexico
2Medical Research Center (CICMED), Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, 50130 Toluca, MEX, Mexico

Received 25 August 2014; Revised 1 November 2014; Accepted 5 November 2014; Published 25 November 2014

Academic Editor: Carlos Marcelo da Silva Figueredo

Copyright © 2014 Victor Raul Camargo Ortega et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Although the direct cause of chronic periodontitis is bacterial infection, the progression of this disease depends on genetic and environmental factors, and smoking is a known risk factor in the development and severity of the disease. An individual’s susceptibility may be influenced by polymorphisms in the glutathione S-transferase genes. These genes encode enzymes that metabolize xenobiotic compounds. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms in Mexicans with chronic periodontitis. Methods. 60 Mexicans with chronic periodontitis (30 smokers and 30 nonsmokers) were studied. A peripheral blood sample was taken for subsequent DNA extraction. The genetic material was PCR-amplified followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism with the aim of identifying GST polymorphisms. Results. Polymorphisms in the GSTT1 and GSTP1 genes were not significantly different between the smokers and nonsmokers. However, there were significant differences between groups in polymorphisms in the GSTM1 gene. The patients with chronic periodontitis have a higher frequency of null and mutant polymorphisms in GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 compared with historical data from a healthy Mexican population. Conclusions. The presence of these polymorphisms may be a risk factor for the development of chronic periodontitis.