Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 140713, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/140713
Research Article

Community Mobilization and Awareness Creation for Orofacial Cleft Services: A Survey of Nigerian Cleft Service Providers

1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2Preventive Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
3Oral Diagnostic Sciences Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
4Public Dental Health Department, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Received 28 May 2014; Accepted 8 July 2014; Published 24 September 2014

Academic Editor: Andreas Maier

Copyright © 2014 Raphael A. Adebola et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The opportunity to provide free surgical care for orofacial clefts has opened a new vista and is enhanced by well-informed communities who are aware of the free surgical services available to them. It is the responsibility of cleft care providers to adequately inform these communities via a combination of community mobilization and awareness creation. Methods. This was a nationwide, cross-sectional descriptive study of all orofacial cleft service providers in Nigeria using a structured, self-administered questionnaire. Results. A total of 4648 clefts have been repaired, 50.8% by the ten government-owned and 49.2% by the five nongovernment-owned organizations included in the study. The nongovernment-owned institutions seemed to be more aggressive about community mobilization and awareness creation than government-owned ones, and this was reflected in their patient turnout. Most of the organizations studied would prefer a separate, independent body to handle their awareness campaign. Conclusion. Community mobilization requires skill and dedication and may require formal training or dedicated budgets by government-owned and nongovernment-owned institutions alike. Organizations involved in cleft care provision must take community mobilization and awareness seriously if the largely unmet needs of orofacial cleft patients in Nigeria are to be tackled.