Table of Contents
ISRN Orthopedics
Volume 2014, Article ID 159465, 5 pages
Research Article

Normal Range of Thoracic Kyphosis in Male School Children

1Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine Department, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah 6715847141, Iran
2Physiotherapy Department, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Mohseni Square, Tehran 439115875, Iran
3Department of Sport Management, Kurdestan Research and Science Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj 6616964353, Iran
4Saqqez Education Office, Saqqez 6681763761, Iran
5Kermanshah Health Research Center, School of Population Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah 6715847141, Iran

Received 29 January 2014; Accepted 12 March 2014; Published 6 April 2014

Academic Editors: J. Dubousset and G. Papachristou

Copyright © 2014 MohammadBagher Shamsi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Although there are frequent studies about normal range of thoracic kyphosis, there is still a controversy about the exact values of this curve. In nine reported studies on 10 to 20 years of age boys, the value ranged from 25.1° to 53.3°. Objective for the Study. The aim of the present research was investigation of normal ranges of thoracic kyphosis in school children in Kermanshah, western Iran. Methods. 582 male students aged 13 to 18 years old using cluster random sampling were recruited from schools in Kermanshah city, 97 students for each age. Thoracic curves were measured using the flexicurve method. Results. Mean thoracic kyphosis for whole population was 35.49° SD 7.83 and plus or minus two standard deviations ranged from 19.83° to 51.15°. It increased gradually from 13 to 16 and then there was a little decrease to 18 years. Mean values for each age (13–16) were 13 (34.41 SD 7.47°), 14 (34.86 SD 8.29°), 15 (35.79 SD 7.93°), 16 (36.49 SD 7.85°), 17 (35.84 SD 8.33°), and 18 (35.55 SD 7.07°). Conclusions. Our results are in agreement with previous reports and can be used as normal values for local and regional purposes.