Table of Contents
ISRN Zoology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 162343, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/162343
Research Article

Diversity of Hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Communities in Different Habitat Types in Zanjan Province, Iran

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Science, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran, Iran

Received 26 November 2013; Accepted 16 December 2013; Published 22 January 2014

Academic Editors: A. Ramirez-Bautista and C. P. Wheater

Copyright © 2014 Masumeh Naderloo and Shahrokh Pashaei Rad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The diversity of hoverfly communities was studied in four different habitat types (river side, woodland, fruit garden, and rice field) in the years of 2008 and 2009. Adult hoverflies were collected from different habitants in Zanjan province. A total of 31 species with 750 individuals of hoverflies were collected, among which Sphaerophoria scripta (Linnaeus), Eristalis arbustorum (Linnaeus) and Eristalis tenax (Linnaeus) were found to be the most abundant. Records from these four sites were used in the diversity analysis. The results indicated that river side and rice field showed the highest and lowest degree of species richness and species diversity. Also, river side and rice field showed the highest and lowest species evenness, respectively.