Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 165152, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/165152
Research Article

Incidence, Pattern, and Severity of Acute Respiratory Infections among Infants and Toddlers of a Peri-Urban Area of Delhi: A 12-Month Prospective Study

1BMC, Gorai Mhada Dispensary, Borivali West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 401107, India
2Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi 110001, India
3Department of Paediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi 110001, India

Received 2 May 2014; Accepted 5 July 2014; Published 21 September 2014

Academic Editor: Rupendra Jadhav

Copyright © 2014 Sneha P. Walke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in spite of being the single most important under-five morbidity have not been studied adequately in peri-urban settings in India. We conducted this study prospectively on a cohort of 106 children in a peri-urban area of Delhi. The overall 2-week prevalence of all types of ARI was 34.3%. Annual combined incidence of all types of ARI was 7.9 episodes/100 child-weeks; while that for no pneumonia, cough, and cold, pneumonia, and otitis media was 7.1, 0.85, and 0.09 epi/100 ch-wks, respectively. Incidence of ARI was higher in infancy (9.4 epi/100 ch-wks) as compared to toddlers (7.0 epi/100 ch-wks). Pneumonia incidence was higher among boys (0.9 epi/100 ch-wks as compared to 0.6 for girls) and the highest in infants under 2 months of age (1.09 epi/100 ch-wks; < 0.01). Incidence of severe pneumonia was roughly one-tenth that of pneumonia. Incidence of both ARI and pneumonia peaked in spring and autumn. Mothers of infants, zespecially those under 2 months of age, need to be made aware of ARI/pneumonia and IEC campaigns may be aired more intensively keeping their peak season in mind.