Table of Contents
ISRN Obesity
Volume 2014, Article ID 185132, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/185132
Research Article

Prevalence and Trends of Adult Obesity in the US, 1999–2012

College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, George Huff Hall Room 2013, 1206 South 4th Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA

Received 6 November 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 6 January 2014

Academic Editors: S. A. Lear and C. H. Wu

Copyright © 2014 Ruopeng An. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To provide national estimates of obesity among US adults aged 20 years and older in 2011-2012 and track its trends from 1999 to 2012. Methods. Measured weight/height from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2012 waves was used to calculate body mass index (BMI) and prevalence measures. Piecewise logistic regressions were conducted to test the differential trends before and after 2010. Results. In 2011-2012, the age-adjusted prevalence of overweight and obesity combined ( ) was 71.1% (95% CI: 68.0%–74.2%) among men and 65.5% (61.8%–69.3%) among women, and the prevalence of obesity ( ) was 33.3% (30.5%–36.2%) among men and 35.8% (32.3%–39.4%) among women. From 1990–2000 to 2009-2010, the prevalence of overweight and obesity combined, obesity, grades 2 and 3 obesity combined ( ), and grade 3 obesity ( ) increased by 7.2%, 17.8%, 17.6%, and 33.0%, respectively. Compared to 2009-2010, most gender- and race/ethnicity-specific prevalence measures remained unchanged or slightly decreased in 2011-2012. No significant difference in trends among prevalence measures was found before and after 2010. Conclusions. Concurrent evidence on the leveling off of obesity in the US is thin. Given its high prevalence and profound socioeconomic consequences, close monitoring of the trend is warranted.