Table of Contents
ISRN Orthopedics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 191306, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/191306
Clinical Study

The Role of Fascia Iliaca Blocks in Hip Fractures: A Prospective Case-Control Study and Feasibility Assessment of a Junior-Doctor-Delivered Service

Trauma and Orthopaedic Department, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Mandeville Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 8AL, UK

Received 30 September 2013; Accepted 20 November 2013; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: G. Day, R. H. Jinnah, G. Papachristou, E. Steinberg, and S. Yabuki

Copyright © 2014 L. Hanna et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hip fractures are common and the incidence is expected to increase. Systemic analgesics, often prescribed to relieve pain after hip fractures, have huge side effects and can delay surgery. We analyse the role and efficacy of alternative forms of analgesia like fascia-iliac blocks (FIB) and assess the feasibility of a service delivered by junior doctors. 104 consecutive hip fracture patients were prospectively recruited and equally divided into cases (patients receiving FIB) and controls (patients receiving systemic analgesia). Outcome measures included time of initial analgesia, total preoperative dose of analgesia, pain scores from admission to 24 hours preoperatively, and complications. The pain scores were significantly lower ( ) in patients receiving FIB at 2 and 8 hours preoperatively. The timing of initial analgesia was also quicker in patients with FIB (25 compared to 40 minutes). FIB patients required fewer doses of systemic analgesia. The block was successful in 67% of patients. There were no complications. The implementation of EWTD, HAN, and shift-system and the reduction in the number of medical staff have increased the burden on emergency departments. This study demonstrates that FIB performed by junior doctors are not only safe and effective analgesia but also provide an opportunity for junior doctors to improve current clinical practice.