Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 203943, 28 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/203943
Review Article

Fibrin Sealant: The Only Approved Hemostat, Sealant, and Adhesive—a Laboratory and Clinical Perspective

Surgical Therapeutic Advancement Center (STAC), Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 801370, Charlottesville, VA 22908-1370, USA

Received 24 September 2013; Accepted 18 November 2013; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: C. F. Bianchi, K. N. Foster, J. E. Losanoff, and H. Uemura

Copyright © 2014 William D. Spotnitz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Fibrin sealant became the first modern era material approved as a hemostat in the United States in 1998. It is the only agent presently approved as a hemostat, sealant, and adhesive by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The product is now supplied as patches in addition to the original liquid formulations. Both laboratory and clinical uses of fibrin sealant continue to grow. The new literature on this material also continues to proliferate rapidly (approximately 200 papers/year). Methods. An overview of current fibrin sealant products and their approved uses and a comprehensive PubMed based review of the recent literature (February 2012, through March 2013) on the laboratory and clinical use of fibrin sealant are provided. Product information is organized into sections based on a classification system for commercially available materials. Publications are presented in sections based on both laboratory research and clinical topics are listed in order of decreasing frequency. Results. Fibrin sealant remains useful hemostat, sealant, and adhesive. New formulations and applications continue to be developed. Conclusions. This agent remains clinically important with the recent introduction of new commercially available products. Fibrin sealant has multiple new uses that should result in further improvements in patient care.