Table of Contents
ISRN Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 204540, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/204540
Research Article

Concurrent Associations between Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep Duration with Childhood Obesity

1School of Kinesiology and Recreation, McCormick Hall, Illinois State University, Mailbox 5120, Normal, IL 61790, USA
2Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
3Mind Positive Parenting, Minneapolis, MN 55406, USA
4Division of Sports and Cardiovascular Nutrition, Department of Radiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA

Received 24 January 2014; Accepted 19 February 2014; Published 9 March 2014

Academic Editors: M. G. Matos and Z. Shi

Copyright © 2014 Kelly R. Laurson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To examine the simultaneous influence of physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration recommendations on the odds of childhood obesity (including overweight). Methods. Physical activity was assessed via pedometer and screen time, and sleep duration were assessed via survey in a cross sectional sample of 674 children (aged 7–12 years) from two Midwestern communities in the fall of 2005. Participants were cross tabulated into four groups depending on how many recommendations were being met (0, 1, 2, or all 3). Linear and logistic regression were used to examine the influence of physical activity, screen time and sleep duration on obesity and interactions among the three variables. Results. Children achieving all three recommendations simultaneously (9.2% of total sample) were the least likely to be obese. Approximately 16% of boys and 9% of girls achieving all recommendations were overweight or obese compared to 53% of boys and 42.5% of girls not achieving any. Conclusions. The odds of obesity increased in a graded manner for each recommendation which was not met. Meeting all three recommendations appears to have a protective effect against obesity. Continued efforts are warranted to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors that include meeting physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration recommendations concurrently.