Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 207465, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/207465
Research Article

Performance, Emission, Energy, and Exergy Analysis of a C.I. Engine Using Mahua Biodiesel Blends with Diesel

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management, Bhubaneswar 752054, India
2College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, OUAT, Bhubaneswar 751003, India
3Department of Chemistry, C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Janla, Bhubaneswar 752054, India
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Khurda 752050, India

Received 30 March 2014; Revised 26 July 2014; Accepted 9 August 2014; Published 30 October 2014

Academic Editor: Prasanta Sahoo

Copyright © 2014 Nabnit Panigrahi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental investigation on a four-stroke single cylinder diesel engine fuelled with the blends of Mahua oil methyl ester (MOME) and diesel. The performance emission, energy, and exergy analysis has been carried out in B20 (mixture of 80% diesel by volume with 20% MOME). From energy analysis, it was observed that the fuel energy input as well as energy carried away by exhaust gases was 6.25% and 11.86% more in case of diesel than that of B20. The unaccounted losses were 10.21% more in case of diesel than B20. The energy efficiency was 28%, while the total losses were 72% for diesel. In case of B20, the efficiency was 65.74 % higher than that of diesel. The exergy analysis shows that the input availability of diesel fuel is 1.46% more than that of B20. For availability in brake power as well as exhaust gases of diesel were 5.66 and 32% more than that of B20. Destructed availability of B20 was 0.97% more than diesel. Thus, as per as performance, emission, energy, and exergy part were concerned; B20 is found to be very close with that of diesel.