Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 217574, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/217574
Research Article

Performance of Pulverized Coal Combustion under High Temperature Air Diluted by Steam

Division of Energy and Furnace Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 10 December 2013; Accepted 3 March 2014; Published 25 March 2014

Academic Editors: T. Basak and C. J. Ho

Copyright © 2014 Mohsen Saffari Pour and Yang Weihong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The high temperature air combustion (HiTAC) is an advanced promising technology for heat recovery, energy saving, and stability improvement of flame. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) is known as an applied tool to execute HiTAC modeling. In this paper, performances of pulverized coal combustion under the high preheated and oxygen deficient air are studied by both experimental and numerical methodology. The experimental facilities have been accomplished in a HiTAC chamber with coal injection velocity that ranges from 10 to 40 m/s. In order to achieve different preheated temperatures, the combustion air in such system is diluted by variable steam percentages from 0 to 44%. Results of mathematical simulation and experimental tests present convincible agreement through whole region. It is concluded that emission is reduced by increasing the steam percentage in the oxidizer due to decreasing the flame temperature. Besides, graphical contours show that by adding more steam to oxidizer composition, the oxygen concentration decreased. Additionally, results show that when the injection speed of fuel is increased, emission is also increased, and when the injection rate of preheated air is increased, emission shows decreasing trend. Further contribution in future is needed to investigate the performance of such technologies.