Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 368647, 12 pages
Review Article

Effects and Management of Parthenium hysterophorus: A Weed of Global Significance

Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana 136119, India

Received 24 March 2014; Accepted 11 June 2014; Published 20 August 2014

Academic Editor: Suhel Parvez

Copyright © 2014 Manpreet Kaur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Congress grass, Parthenium hysterophorus L., of the family Asteraceae (tribe: Heliantheae), is an erect and much branched annual or ephermeral herb, known for its notorious role as environmental, medical, and agricultural hazards. It is believed to have been introduced into India and Australia from North America and in the last few years the weed has emerged as the seventh most devastating weed in Africa, Asia, and Australia. The aim of this review is to provide general information about the physiology, distribution, ill effects, and management of parthenium. Control of parthenium has been tried by various methods, but no single management option would be adequate to manage parthenium, and there is a need to integrate various management options. Successful management of this weed can only be achieved by an integrated approach with biological control as the key element.